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El Greco

El Greco

An influential painter, sculptor and architect of the Spanish Renaissance, Domenikos Theotokopoulos (1541–1614) was most widely known by his nickname “The Greek” or El Greco, referencing his Greek origin. He trained and became a master in painting in a Post-Byzantine style, a precise, realist style often depicting religious imagery. He later moved to Toledo, Spain and developed his dramatic, evocative style which puzzled his contemporaries, but his work found appreciation centuries later as he became known for his dramatic palettes and elongated figures. El Greco is regarded as a precursor of both Expressionism and Cubism, artwork movements which favored imagination and gestural marks showing the artist’s hand.